Population Ageing and Poland’s International Investment Position

Renata Knap


The aim of this paper is to try to evaluate the impact of population ageing on Poland’s international investment position in the next five decades. To that end, a literature review was carried out along with a comparative analysis of measures of population ageing in Poland and other countries using logical deduction. The results of the study show that the expected intensive progress of population ageing in the 2020–2065 period will contribute to an increased demand for foreign capital, an increasingly negative international net investment position as well as unfavourable changes in the structure of foreign liabilities. The influx of foreign capital caused by population ageing might not translate into the expected maintenance of / increase in the rate of economic growth, while the substantial negative net international investment position may become a barrier to development in subsequent periods.


population ageing, international capital flows, international investment position, Poland

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15678/AOC.2019.2107